Do you know the signs of gum disease that you should look out for? The majority of the population assumes that the leading cause of tooth loss later in life is due to tooth decay and extraction. But this is false, and, in most cases, adults may lose their teeth due to gum disease. And as gum disease is highly preventable, it is worth having an idea of what the process of tooth loss from this disease involves.
5 Signs of Gum Disease To Look Out For
1. Bleeding Gums
Gum disease is caused by an accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth. This build-up irritates the gums, causing them to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. The bleeding is a sign of inflammation in the gums, which is a response to the bacteria present in the plaque and tartar.
If spotted by a dentist in Tunbridge Wells, the most likely treatment would be a scale and polish performed by a hygienist, which will remove the plaque and allow the gums to heal.
2. Swollen Red Gums
If your gums look swollen and red, it may be a sign that you are being overly aggressive with your brushing. Or, it could be a sign of gum disease.The plaque that causes the swelling is a biofilm of bacteria that forms on the surface of the teeth and gums, and it contains harmful microorganisms that can cause inflammation in the gums.
When the plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it hardens into tartar, which can only be removed by a professional dental cleaning.
3. Receding Gums
If your teeth look longer than they usually do, you may need to see a dental team for a check-up, as this can be a sign of gum disease. Periodontal disease causes the gums to recede because the inflammation and infection in the gums can destroy the tissue and bone that support the teeth. When the gums are healthy, they fit tightly around the teeth, creating a barrier that keeps bacteria out. But when the gums are inflamed and infected, they pull away from the teeth, creating pockets that collect even more bacteria.
4. Persistent Bad Breath
Constantly having bad breath, known as halitosis, is another sign that you may have gum disease, which is in a more advanced state. Gum disease can cause bad breath because of the bacteria that are present in plaque and tartar. These bacteria produce compounds, such as volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs), that have a strong and unpleasant odour. When the plaque and tartar are not removed through regular brushing and flossing, they can build up on the teeth and gums, providing a breeding ground for bacteria. As the bacteria grow, they produce more and more VSCs, which can cause bad breath.
5. Loose or Moving Teeth
Teeth loosen or move when you have gum disease because the disease causes the bone and tissue that support the teeth to break down. As the supporting structure is compromised, the teeth can no longer be held firmly in place and may become loose or shift. Additionally, gum disease can cause the ligaments that hold the teeth in place to become weakened, which can also contribute to teeth moving.+
Well, there you have it, the five signs of gum disease to be on the lookout for. If you notice any of these signs, be sure to visit your dentist as soon as possible for treatment recommendations.